ELECTRONIC LOGGING DEVICES
The electronic logging device (ELD) rule – congressionally mandated as a part of MAP-21 – is intended to help create a safer work environment for drivers, and make it easier and faster to accurately track, manage, and share records of duty status (RODS) data. An ELD synchronizes with a vehicle engine to automatically record driving time, for easier, more accurate hours of service (HOS) recording.
WHAT DO I NEED TO KNOW?
The ELD Rule applies to most motor carriers and drivers who are currently required to maintain records of duty status (RODS). The rule applies to commercial buses as well as trucks. Canada- and Mexico-domiciled drivers are included, unless they qualify for one of the exceptions to the ELD rule.
ELD RULE EXCEPTIONS:
WHAT DO I NEED TO DO?
Carriers must evaluate and select ELDs, and ensure they are installed and drivers and administrative staff are trained to use them by the deadline that applies (December 16, 2019 for carriers using AOBRDs or December 18, 2017) for those using paper logs or logging software.
Drivers must understand and be able to use ELDs by the required deadline, including how to annotate and edit RODS, certify RODS, and collect required supporting documents. You will also need to know how to display and transfer data to safety officials when requested.
DRIVERS SUBJECT TO THE ELD RULE:
In general, the rule applies to interstate drivers of CMVs (as defined in 49 CFR 390.5) who are currently required to keep Records of Duty Status (RODS). The following are not required to use ELDs (but carriers may choose to use ELDs even if they are not required):
PHASE 1: Awareness and Transition Phase (February 16, 2016 to December 18, 2017)
This is the two-year period following publication of the final ELD rule. During this time, carriers and drivers may begin voluntarily using ELDs (beginning 60 days following the publication of the final rule, February 16, 2016). Carriers and drivers subject to the rule can use any of the following for records of driving status (RODS):
If a driver is using two different methods of recording HOS (paper, logging software, etc.), the driver must let the inspector know which method the driver is using for the official RODS. Inspectors may contact the motor carrier to confirm which method the driver should be using for official RODS, use the other method as a supporting document, and let the carrier know about any HOS violation or falsification.
During Phase I implementation, the main goal is to ensure safety along with HOS compliance, while being aware of the different types of technology voluntarily being used by the motor carrier industry.
It’s also important for safety officials to understand what the ELD will display, including the header, grid graph, and detailed log data. When ELD RODS information is requested during an inspection in Phase I, the driver has the option of providing either the actual ELD display or a printout with the standardized ELD data set.
Inspectors and investigators can readily review the standardized ELD information to determine if permissible HOS limits were exceeded and detect falsifications for enforcement purposes. The output from ELDs also provides information about the ELD system, such as system malfunctions and data diagnostics, that may be used to find data discrepancies and log falsifications.
PHASE 2: Phased-In Compliance Phase (December 18, 2017 to December 16, 2019)
This is the two-year period from the Compliance Date to the Full Compliance Phase (four years following final rule publication). Carriers and drivers subject to the rule can use:
During the second phase, information technology software tools will be available to securely transmit ELD data information to FMCSA officials and law enforcement for enforcement and compliance purposes. The rule’s new supporting document requirements for drivers and motor carriers using either device will also begin during this phase, on the rule’s compliance date.
PHASE 3: Full Compliance Phase (December 16, 2019)
After December 16, 2019 all drivers and carriers subject to the rule must use self-certified, registered ELDs that comply with requirements of the ELD regulations.
WHAT DO I NEED TO DO?
ELD AND HOURS OF SERVICE (HOS)
The ELD final rule does not change any of the basic hours-of-service rules or exceptions. For more information regarding hours-of-service, visit FMCSA's Hours of Service page.
NOTE: The information provided on this website is to help promote understanding of and compliance with the ELD rule - it is not a substitute for the specific requirements documented in the rule.
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